Ahhh… how good is it to need our raincoats and umbrellas again?! Finally!
I hope you all managed to get your Sparkling red fix after I whetted your appetites last week. As you will recall, we chatted a bit about the secondary fermentation used to add all of those lovely bubbles to sparkling wine.
There is another type of secondary fermentation which Rob is particularly fond of though. And a couple of weeks back I promised I would revisit the concept of Malolactic Fermentation (or MLF for short). I know we’ve discussed it before, but it is definitely timely to take another look.
What is fermentation anyway?
Any of a group of chemical reactions induced by microorganisms or enzymes that split complex organic compounds into relatively simple substances, especially the anaerobic conversion of sugar to carbon dioxide and alcohol by yeast.
Luckily this process occurs in nature and we are simply harnessing the natural sequence of events. And, as an aside, whilst you’re having your morning hot beverage or your afternoon platter with some wine you can be comforted by the fact that fermentation by microorganisms is responsible for some of our most loved foods. Tea, coffee, wine, cheese, yoghurt, bread, even beer and chocolate!
Primary vs secondary fermentation
I think most of us understand that to make wine, you use yeast to turn sugar (in the grape juice) into alcohol. That’s the basic principle at least. This process is referred to as the primary fermentation.
Rob is also a big fan of a secondary fermentation called Malolactic fermentation (or MLF). While this bacterial fermentation occurs naturally for most red wines, it is also a handy tool in the production of some white wines.
Let’s find out why…
What is MLF?
Well, we already know it is a type of secondary fermentation
Technically speaking, it is a process in which tart-tasting malic acid is converted to softer-tasting lactic acid (hence “malo”-“lactic”).
MLF often occurs naturally after the completion of primary fermentation. Or sometimes is can run concurrently with the primary fermentation.
It can also be induced by inoculation with a selected bacterial strain – Oenococcus oeni, a member of the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) family. This strain is chosen due to its ability to survive the harsh conditions of wine (high alcohol, low pH and low nutrients). It also produces some lovely flavours and aromas in the finished wine.
MLF is super important when it comes to making (in particular) red wines. Malic acid in wine can be a carbon source for yeast and bacterial growth. And that can lead to spoilage, spritz, and unwanted flavours. Therefore it a process to microbiologically stabilise and protect the wine.
MLF can also be used to influence wine style. This is exactly what Rob likes to do with our Fumé Blanc, Chardonnay, and Rosé.
In addition to the important conversion of malic acid to softer lactic acid, MLF is associated with a broad range of other metabolic processes. These processes affect the aroma, flavour, and mouth-feel of the wine. Sensory terms such as ‘creamy’, ‘buttery’, ‘vanilla-like’, ‘nutty’, ‘spicy’, ‘fruity’, ‘vegetative’, ‘toasty’, ‘fuller’ and ‘rounded’ are used to describe MLF influences on wine.
You’ll definitely hear a few of these terms used when describing the Fumé, Chardy, and Rosé!
May Jockey Club pack videos
Have all our Jockey Club member readers seen the latest club pack videos which went out via email yesterday?
Make sure you click through to the Shiraz video to find out what Rob means when he says “estery” – something he says a bit but does anyone really know what he is talking about?!
Just another reason to be a part of our special little club. Rob and Lucy chatting candidly in a short and sharp snippet for you to enjoy as you sip on your latest wines – delivered straight to your door (or collected from us in person)!
For more information click here.